Big decisions here at Tasmanian Geographic. Should it be TwentyOne, Twentyone, Twenty and One, or Twenty One?
This quandary, however, pales in comparison to that of choosing which articles to put into this midwinter issue. We’re very glad to have a bumper crop of excellent articles queued up, and look forward to sharing them with you in the upcoming editions.
If you are on the social web looking at Tasmanian photographs you’d have come across the phenomenal work of Wilkography, aka Ben Wilkinson. We’re especially pleased to launch a new series here at TG, in which creative documentarians share ten lessons from their own experience. It’s backed up by ten fantastic images to inspire your own artwork.
We dive into the archives to a century-old gem of a guidebook. J. Moore-Robinson collected the stories of the names on the maps, and compiled them into the charming Record of Tasmanian Nomenclature. We’ve pulled out some of of the most outstanding points of interest from this book – the headlands, promontories, and capes.
We revisit the Campbell Street Penitentiary and share a photo sphere of the interior of the building, at the faithful heart of the the convict court. Things have changed in the Australian system since then.
And last, but not least – We love citizen science projects and we’re especially keen on the Redmap (Range Extension Database Map)! This is a portal and a community where you can share your sightings of fish and other marine life as they are spotted in new habitats around Australia. Redmap has recently conducted a video competition and invited filmmakers to send in a short video promoting the project. Tasmanian Geographic is delighted to be able to share the award-winners with you in the upcoming issues. Congratulations to all who participated, and thank you Redmap for running the competition!
There’s a notable enthusiasm for photography on the island, and part of that enthusiasm is a willingness to share. Wilkography starts off a new series of practical photography lessons by sharing Ten Tips and Ten Pics to inspire you on your own photographic adventures. Enjoy!
# 1 – Slow down
This is something I need to tell myself repeatedly and I am finally getting the hang of it. It is too easy to get excited when you are somewhere amazing and there is a good shot to be had. All the planning and information you had in mind goes out the window and you just want to start firing off shots without thinking about what you are actually doing.
Once you get home and put your memory card in the computer, your anticipation turns to disappointment. Things are not in focus properly, or you have returned from a three day hike to realise all those amazing images you captured are in lower quality JPEG format and not top quality RAW. You’ll now know how vital it is to take your time and get things done right.
# 2 – Plan ahead but be flexible
I am always looking for good locations and thinking about photo opportunities. Numerous times however, I have arrived on location with a fixed plan and ignored what was going on around me.
By following tip #1, I have learned that in landscape photography things hardly ever go as planned. In every change of circumstances another opportunity generally presents itself and it is up to the creative mind to try and make the most of what nature puts in front of us.
# 3 – Look at images from great photographers and learn from them
The online photo communities 500px and Flickr are places that I like to go for inspiration. By remembering tip # 1, I realised there is a story behind every image and a lot of thought and creative energy went into capturing them. Try to understand what the photographer went through, from conception to final editing, and then try to introduce these steps into your work flow.
# 4 – Invest in yourself
Sure, Youtube is great for self-education and you can learn nearly anything you want. However, the information can get confusing and you miss out on whole concepts. I recommend paying for online courses where you buy video tutorials created by great photographers. These courses will teach you much more and you can watch them multiple times.
Podcast are a great source of information as well. Improve Photography and TWIP (This Week in Photo) are two of my favourites. I listen to these whenever I get the opportunity and find that it opens my mind up to things I had not considered. I also keep up to date by learning about new technology as it hits the market.
# 5 – Join a photography group and meet other enthusiasts
Facebook is full of photography groups and clubs in your area. Get involved in these and meet other people with the same interests so that you can do all that nerdy camera stuff that annoys your partner or friends who turn off when you get excited and start talking about photography.
# 6 – Make mistakes and seek out constructive criticism
Let’s face it: photography can be very frustrating when you start out. If you are like me, the desire to produce really good images that you are proud of is going to take time and patience.
Be prepared to make mistakes because this is how you learn and it will help you to improve. Ask people for constructive criticism and use sites like Pixoto.com and the 365 Project to upload images and ask people for their honest opinions. It’s great to hear from Mum and Nan that your shots are great, but the feedback I truly value is from other photographers who are honest and polite about what they think of your shot and how it could be improved.
# 7 – Understand and practice composition
When you frame up your next shot, don’t forget tip #1! Think about the options in front of you and try to create images instead of just taking photos. Use the rule of thirds (balancing your composition in thirds rather than halves) and try to find interesting objects that can be used as your foreground interest. Look for natural lines that will lead the eye into areas of interest in your scene.
Instead of getting overwhelmed by a large landscape, make sure to take your time and get the shot right. Composition can be the difference between a good shot and a great image.
# 8 – Learn about light and understand how it affects the quality of an image
One of the most important things in photography is light. You can be a master of all the techniques in the world but if the light isn’t right the shot won’t be either. Once you understand this and learn how to make it work for you, everything will change and you will get much better results.
Everywhere you go, look at how the tones and contrast of what you are looking at are different based on light. Look at the colours that come from the morning and afternoon sun and compare that to the harsh overhead midday light. The nasty feeling of getting out of bed early to catch the sunrise will be soon forgotten when you realise you can capture the light show that nature puts on when most people are still wrapped up in bed.
# 9 – Learn how to use editing programmes
Get a copy of Lightroom and Photoshop which are (and this is only my opinion) the best tools for editing available. There are many opinions on editing and I think it is all about personal preference. But inevitably there will come a time when you will compare your images with others and wonder how they get the results they do.
It’s called the digital darkroom and personally, I think editing is great fun. It’s a lot to learn, but the results and rewards are many. It can seem daunting, but if you start early and keep trying you will be glad you did. I recommend Serge Ramelli and also Adobe Lightroom’s channels on Youtube to start with as they are great for beginners. When you become more experienced and efficient, there are people like Chip Phillips, Ryan Dyar and Tony Kyuper who do advanced landscape editing courses that you can buy online.
# 10 – Enjoy yourself and don’t let it all get to you
Photography is fun and you should do it because it makes you happy. I took on photography at a stage in my life where I needed change and was going through some serious soul searching. It has given me the motivation to go places, see things and meet people that I never would have and other people never will.
I have a much stronger appreciation for our planet and how precious it is since taking up photography. My love of the Tasmanian wilderness has grown quite strong and I am of the opinion that it should be preserved and treated with utmost respect. I don’t think enough people realise what we actually have here and how close it has come to being destroyed by the arrogance of a few.
I am a much healthier person both physically and mentally just from picking up a camera and looking at life differently since doing so. I feel fortunate to have a passion that I will carry with me through life and then allow me to leave something behind when I go.
One of the most influential people in photography for me is the Tasmanian photographer Peter Dombrovskis. He summed it all up when he said:
“When you go out there you don’t get away from it all, you get back to it all. You come home to what’s important. You come home to yourself.”
I have written this article with the hope of helping people who are new to photography. I consider myself to be an advanced beginner and the advice I am offering comes from important things I have learnt and mistakes I have made.
I enjoy helping people who are new to the craft. If you have any further questions, I am always available on Facebook or you can go to my website at Wilkography.com and send me a message from there.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines a cape as a “a headland or promontory: late Middle English: from Old French cap, from Provençal, based on Latin caput ‘head‘”.
These namesakes are a good reminder for landlubbers that Tasmania was first formally charted from the decks of seafaring boats.
North Coast (Bass Strait)
GRIM CAPE, named by Flinders and Bass in 1798. Native name Kennaook.
PORTLAND, CAPE, named by Flinders in October, 1798, after the Duke of Portland, then Imperial Secretary of State for the Colonies. The native name for the district is “Tebrakunna.”
ROCKY CAPE, so called for its forbidding appearance by Flinders in 1798, when he, with Bass, first sailed through the Strait between Tasmania and the mainland.
NATURALISTE CAPE, named by Baudin in 1802. It has always been so marked, but the different charts do not always put the name in the same place, some placing it a few miles to the north. The name came from Baudin’s ship, being again conferred on a big promontory near Bunbury, in West Australia
TABLE CAPE, discovered and named in 1798 by Flinders and Bass.
BOULANGER CAPE. Named by Baudin in 1802. It is sometimes called Coxcomb Head, from the name given by Flinders to Cape Mistaken. Its position has been altered in modern maps and placed too much to the east. This error is probably due to Arrowsmith’s chart.
MAURANARD CAPE (Maria Island). Named by Baudin (1802), but Frankland called it “Bold” on his map of 1839. and this error is repeated on all modern maps. Cape Mauranard being placed more to the south. On Scott’s map of 1842 it is called “Rocky and Barren.” It has sometimes been wrongly charted as “St. Helens” Cape, owing to an error by which it was confused with Mauranard or St. Helen’s Island. The latter is about 90 miles northward, and just to the south of the entrance to St. Helens.
PERON, CAPE, named after the official naturalist of the French expedition of 1802 under Baudin.
FREDERICK HENDRICK CAPE is possibly Cox’s Smoky Cape. Furneaux marked it on his map at the north of Adventure Bay, and D’Entrecasteaux, seeing Furneaux’s mistake, replaced it to the south of Marion Bay, calling the other Troubrient. This correction was rejected by Flinders, with the result that Tasmania now has two capes Frederick Hendrick.
SURVILLE CAPE (Yellow Bluff). Named by Baudin’s expedition in 1802. The identification of Cape Surville with the Yellow Bluff (writes Mr. T. Dunbabin) does not seem to be correct. The name of Surville was given to the cape just north of Monge (now also called Pirates’) Bay, and not far from Eaglehawk Neck, while the Yellow Bluff is miles away to the northward or north-eastward, not far from Wilmot Harbour, otherwise, and more commonly known as Lagoon Bay. Peron says that the name Surville was given to the cape in memory of the “unfortunate” French navigator of that name, who visited New Zealand in 1770 and was soon afterwards drowned in the surf at Callao, on the West Coast of South America. Who gave the name of the Yellow Bluff to the other place, or its curious name to the adjacent Humper’s Bluff, I cannot undertake to say ; pre- sumably the first name was suggested by the colour of the bluff, and the second by the shape.
PILLAR CAPE. It was called “Zud Cape” by Tasman. Its present name was given by Cox, who was followed by Arrowsmith and modern cartographers.
RAOUL CAPE It was so called after the pilot of the D’Entrecasteaux expedition. Flinders, not knowing of the French survey, called it Basaltic Cape in 1798. Subsequent geographers gravitated between the names, sometimes using both, but today the original name has been universally adopted. Australian maps have even given to a neighbouring hill the name of Mount Raoul. In 1814 Flinders very honestly (writes Comte de Fleurieu) replaces on his map the name of Raoul, stating that he gave up the name of Basaltic. This notwithstanding Scott, Cross, and Arrowsmith chart it as Raoull or Basaltic. There can be no doubt, however, that Raoul is the only true and correct name.
DESLACS CAPE. Discovered and named by D’Entrecasteaux in 1792, after an apprentice on board his ship. Deslacs was a god-son of the French Minister of Marine (Fleurieu), who sent out the expedition. After the return to France, Deslac, persistent in his desire for a life of adventure, ran away from his uncle’s house, and saw active service against the English. He was killed at Trafalgar. (Comte de Fleurieu.)”Young Deslac, whose full name was Charles Francois Hyppolyte-Deslac d’Ar- combol was son of the Marquise Deslac d’Arcombol, and of the marquise whose maiden name was Ducrest de Chigy. He was born on September 7, 1777, and was only 14 years old when he was sent by his god-father, M de Fleurieu, to D’Entrecastdaux, to be taken by him on the voyage in search of the ill-fated La Perouse. On the return voyage, he was taken prisoner, sent to London, and did not see his own country again until 1802, after the peace of Amiens. He became the son-in-law of M. Fleurieu, with whom he lived, but, learning that war had again broken out, he escaped during the night, and was killed on October 21, 1805. Cape Deslac has sometimes been called “Deslaco.” It seems probable that D’Entrecasteaux called the Hippolyte Rocks after this youth’s third Christian name.
FREDERICK HENRY, CAPE, was named, in 1773, by Capt. Furneaux, who believed that the bay called by Tasman Fredrik Hendrik lay to the north of it.
Bruny Island and the Channel
FLUTED CAPE (Bruny Island). Discovered and named by Captain Hayes in 1794 because of its peculiar formation. “The name Fluted Cape, with its translations and modifications, serves as the designations of three capes on the Australian Chart, viz., Conacte, Fluted, and Connella.” (Count de Fleurieu.)
TASMAN’S HEAD (Bruni Island) is called Tasman’s Cape in Cook’s chart. Both D’Entrecasteaux and Baudin, however, adopted Tasman’s nomenclature, and called it Cape Boreel, the Dutch navigator having become confused as between the Friers and the rocky shore.
PIERSON’S POINT (the Pilot Station). This was the name given by D’Entrecasteaux during his survey of 1792, the origin being uncertain. Hayes two years later gave the place the name of Point Lewis, and James Meehan, who came to the Derwent with Bowen in 1803, having Hayes’s chart, continued the use of the name. Baudin in 1802 followed the nomenclature of his French predecessor, and so did Flinders in his map of 1814. Thus the name has remained ever since. Sprent, in 1858, for some reason called it Blythe’s Point, a name which belongs to the cape just to the southward.
SORTIE, CAPE DE LA (Bruny Island). It was named by D’Entrecasteaux, but Count de Fleurieu holds that it is wrongly placed on the charts of to-day. The evidence is clear that the French commander gave the name to the eastern point (now charted as Point Kelly), and not to the point on the river side of the Island. The name is preserved by Flinders in 1814 ; called Green Point, or “Get-out,” (the latter being a translation) by Scott in 1824, “Get-out” by Arrowsmith (1833), and Frankland makes it “de la Sorte” in his book of 1841. Sprent adopted the same designation in 1858. “Through all these changes,” says Count de Fleurieu, “the cape is described as the very large one on the east, while all your charts place it at the entrance to the Derwent.”
BOUGAINVILLE CAPE, surveyed and named by Baudin in 1802. It is locally known as Lord’s Bluff.
BERNIER CAPE, locally known as Hellfire Bluff, named by Baudin’s expedition, in 1802.
You can navigate in the photosphere by sliding or clicking the immersive image above.
From a History of the Campbell Street Penitentiary Chapel, by Brian Rieusset:
The Penitentiary Chapel Historic Site on the corner of Brisbane and Campbell Streets was one building that Colonial Architect and Civil Engineer John Lee Archer designed to cleverly fulfill the answer to several problems.
By 1829 St. David’s Church in Hobart Town was becoming so overcrowded that a second Anglican church was needed to enable the free inhabitants to worship in comfort, especially those who now lived in the outer regions of the town. But more importantly it was felt that a place for worship and religious instruction for the vastly increasing numbers of arriving convicts was long overdue.
In 1830, ships brought 2150 new convicts making a total of over 10,000 convicts in Van Diemen’s Land . Many had been assigned out, but a considerable number were housed in the Prisoners’ Barracks Penitentiary or as they called it ‘The Tench’. Most of these convicts were taken out on daily work parties for road and building construction, while those with bad records toiled on the barracks’ treadmill grinding wheat. Others carted and broke large rocks from the nearby quarry into small stones to be used for road works.
Although Hobart Town had originally been established only as a gaol town with many convicts and a few free settlers, facilities for the secure holding and separating into classes of such large numbers of prisoners were virtually non existent.
Convicts and free settlers alike who committed local offences were held in the town gaol in Murray Street near the corner of Macquarie Street . This small two-story building, begun in 1816, was soon falling apart as it had been constructed using inferior bricks on soft damp ground. It rapidly became overcrowded and escapes were numerous, but it remained in full use as town gaol and scene of all Hobart executions from 1825 until 1857.
In 1829 John Lee Archer designed a new gaol to be built directly across Murray Street next to the courthouse on the present site of the Treasury Buildings. It was in the shape of a cruciform with a flat landing leading from a chapel on which it was proposed to execute criminals. This building was never built, but its cruciform shape was to be used when Lee Archer prepared the plans for the Penitentiary Chapel.
Rural Dean Rev. Philip Palmer was installed as Penitentiary chaplain, but soon incurred the wrath of Lieutenant Governor Arthur by hanging a screen to shield the public from the gaze of the convicts. The screen remained even though the convicts sorely objected to being so segregated.
Complaints were also forthcoming regarding the total lack of ventilation in the chapel and the disruption to services caused by the terrible noises which could be heard coming from the chained convicts in the cells beneath the floor.
The Penitentiary Chapel was never consecrated as a church, although normal services including communion, baptisms, funerals and marriages were conducted for many years.
The courts continued with various uses as Supreme Courts, Criminal, Magistrates and Coroners Courts up until 1983, with only minor alterations such as additional toilets in 1916, electric lighting and heating and the acoustic ceiling and air conditioning of Court 2 in the 1950’s.
With the transfer of prisoners to Risdon Prison early in 1961, the 1910 Deputy Gaoler’s residence in Brisbane Street was converted to a daytime holding block with ‘cyclone wire’ cells for prisoners awaiting trial.
In order to gain access to the tunnels under the courts leading to the docks, the chapel was demolished and the wire security cage runway installed.
Thus, we have existing today a fascinating insight into Colonial Tasmania. A beautiful 1834 tower with the two courtrooms remaining virtually unchanged for over 145 years.
And the Gaol Chapel, although partially destroyed in the 1960’s, has been restored to depict the original architectural design concept of John Lee Archer’s Penitentiary Chapel.
We love citizen science projects and we’re especially keen on the Redmap (Range Extension Database Map)! This is a portal and a community where you can share your sightings of fish and other marine life as they are spotted in new habitats around Australia. The project began here in Tasmania and has since expanded around the country. As our planet’s climate changes, animals are being found in new and unexpected regions. To raise awareness of their project, Redmap has recently conducted a video competition and invited filmmakers to send in a 45 second video promoting the project. Tasmanian Geographic is delighted to be able to share the award-winners with you. Congratulations to all who participated, and thank you Redmap for running the competition! – Ed
4th Place: Temperate Paradise by Graeme Poleweski, North Rocks, NSW